Business Law Newsletters
Business Conduct Codes for New York Stock Exchange and Nasdaq Listed Companies
To carry out fully their duties and responsibilities to shareholders and the corporation, directors must be reasonably familiar with the workings of the corporation and have a general knowledge of how the corporation conducts its business. Directors are not expected to have superior knowledge about all business and financial aspects of the corporation, but they are assumed to have competent knowledge of the duties they have taken on when named to the board.
Under section 3(b) of the Securities Act of 1933, the Securities and Exchange Commission has established Regulation A to exempt small offerings of securities from registration requirements. While the exemption does not relieve a company from its obligation not to use false or misleading statements or from state law requirements, Regulation A allows companies to issue and sell securities with less burden and expense than normally required.
Before selling shares of stock to the public, a company normally must file a detailed registration statement with the Securities and Exchange Commission. The usual registration statement must contain a prospectus with audited financial statements and other information required for review by Commission staff. However, several exemptions from registration requirements are available for stock offerings that are of lesser value or sold to restricted categories of purchasers.
Mergers which are likely to substantially lessen competition or tend to create a monopoly in any line of commerce are illegal under Section Seven of the Clayton Act, 15 U.S.C.S. § 18. The type of merger — horizontal, vertical, or conglomerate — will affect consideration of the potential illegality of the merger.